How to Conveniently Fix FAT File System Error?

Fix FAT file system error

Fix FAT file system error

Numerous Windows users have encountered Blue Screen of Death: FAT file system error after upgrading their operating system to the latest version like Windows 10 or after installing a new hardware component. Since it’s a startup error, the user cannot boot the affected computer.

So, in this informative editorial, it is explained how to fix FAT file system error in an easy way along with the probable reasons responsible for the appearance of the error message.

Error Code:

“Your PC ran into a problem and needs restart. We’re just collecting some error info, and then we’ll restart for you.”

“If you’d like to know more, you can search online later for this error FAT FILE SYSTEM (fastfat.SYS)”


Below listed are the main possible reasons for your computer to display a FAT file system error.

  • Outdated/faulty driver software or driver conflict with system files
  • Corrupt file system
  • Damaged/broken system files
  • Virus attack
  • Corrupt hard drive or bad sectors on the disk

Step-by-Step Instructions to Fix FAT File System Error:

Step 1: Remove Externally Connected Devices

Remove all portable devices connected externally to your computer including the external hard drive, keyboard, mouse, etc. Now restart your system and check whether the FAT file system error is resolved or not.

If the error is fixed and your computer boots normally then it is clear that one of your removable devices is damaged/faulty. To find out the culprit, connect one device at a time and see which one gives the FAT file system error. Finally, replace the affected device with a new one.

Step 2: Scan Your Computer for Virus

Most of the times, severe virus attack on a healthy computer makes it unbootable and gives various error messages. Hence, running an antivirus scan to get rid of the virus or any other malicious scripts from the system is recommended to resolve FAT file system error.

Procedure to run a virus scan when the system is not booting:

  • Shut down the computer using the power button
  • Turn it ON and press F8 key before Windows loads
  • Select Safe Mode in the Advanced Boot Options
Select Safe Mode advanced boot options

Select Safe Mode in Advanced Boot Options

  • Now, your system enters into Safe Mode; try to run the antivirus scan

Step 3: Update Drivers

Outdated, missing, corrupt or damaged driver software is one of the motives for the FAT file system error on Windows operating system. So, you have to update existing drivers and remove faulty one from the system in order to fix this error code.

Since your system is not booting due to the BSOD FAT file system error, you need to boot your computer in Safe Mode then, update drivers. Here is how to do it.

  • Turn OFF the system using the power button
  • Power it and press F8 key before Windows loads
  • Click Safe Mode or Safe Mode with Command Prompt in the Advanced Boot Options
Safe Mode or Safe Mode with cmd

Select Safe Mode or Safe Mode with Command Prompt

  • Once the computer boots, open Device Manager from the Start menu if, you have selected “Safe Mode” in the last step
Open Device Manager from start menu

Open Device Manager from start menu

  • Type devmgmt.msc and press Enter key, in case you have opted “Safe Mode with Command Prompt” option
Type devmgmt.msc

Type devmgmt.msc

  • In Device Manager, find and select the device for which you need to update driver software, right-click and select Update/Update Driver Software…
Update Driver Software

Update Driver Software

  • Next, select Search automatically for updated driver software to update software automatically
  • Else, go for Browse my computer for driver software to update your drivers manually
Update option

Update options

  • Complete the process

Step 4: Run System File Checker

SFC (System File Checker) scans and repairs corrupt or damaged system files present in your Windows computer. So, running it may fix corrupt file system and Windows files; hence FAT file system error.

To run SFC:

  • Boot your computer into Safe Mode with Command Prompt (as described earlier)
  • In the Command Prompt, type sfc /scannow and hit Enter key.
Type sfc scannow

Type sfc /scannow

  • Wait until you see the message “The operation completed successfully” or “Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations” and close Command Prompt.
  • Now, boot your system normally and see FAT file system error is resolved.

Step 5: Run Check Disk

Running CHKDSK tool on your hard drive helps in detecting and repairing the file system errors, drive issues and bad sectors. So, if bad sectors or corrupt hard drive is causing the FAT file system then running CHKDSK can fix it.

Steps to run CHKDSK:

  • Open Command Prompt in Safe Mode.
  • Type chkdsk /f /r and press Enter.
  • Press Y if you are prompted to schedule the scan and reboot the system.


Once the CHKDSK scanning process gets completed, boot your system normally.

Note: It is recommended to recover data from hard drive with bad sectors before you start CHKDSK. Because, running CHKDSK on a hard drive, external hard drive, USB drive, or on any other storage drive having bad sectors may result in data loss. So, connect your drive to another working computer and recover data from it first.

If you are unable to recover data from the drive in this way then, make use of an effective data recovery program like Remo Recover and safely restore your files from the affected hard disk. This program can assuredly recover corrupted FAT32 partition, FAT 16, FAT, NTFS, etc. file system formatted storage devices in an hassle-free way.


How to Fix Windows 10 Automatic Repair Loop?

Fix Windows 10 automatic repair loop

Fix Windows 10 automatic repair loop

With each version of the Windows operating system, we have got an amazing inbuilt repair tool. For instance, with

  • Windows NT -> Emergency Recovery tool
  • Windows 2000 -> Recovery Console
  • Windows XP -> System Restore
  • Windows 7 -> Startup Repair

And, now with Windows 10, an Automatic Repair tool is fitted-in to fix system startup problems. The moment any startup issue is detected in your Windows10 system; this Automatic Repair will launch auto-troubleshooting and diagnosing action without waiting for the user input. This auto-repair mechanism does not require user involvement and in many instances, it successfully fixed even a non-booting computer.

However, this auto-repair technique annoyed several users instead of solving their problem! Windows 10 Automatic Repair reached a never-ending loop and made the situation even worse in many cases.

So, in this troubleshooting guide, it is described how to fix Windows 10 Automatic Repair loop in different ways.

Note: To fix Windows 10 Automatic Repair loop you need a bootable USB or CD/DVD.

Instructions to Fix Windows 10 Automatic Repair Loop:

Step 1: Connect the bootable USB or CD/DVD to the Windows 10 computer which is having automatic repair loop. Power ON the system and enter into the boot menu.

Step 2: Select your required language in the Setup window.

Select Language

Select Language

Step 3: Click on Repair your computer in the Windows Setup wizard.

Click on Repair Your Computer

Click on Repair Your Computer

Step 4: Next, choose to Troubleshoot followed by Advanced options.

Step 5: Under Advanced options, select Command Prompt. Provide user name and password if required.

Advanced Options - Select Cmd

Advanced Options – Select Command Prompt

Now, you can choose your desired solution among the below-listed options and resolve the Windows 10 automatic repair loop.

Resolution 1: Disable Windows 10 Automatic Repair at Startup

In the elevated Command Prompt, type bcdedit and press Enter.

From the result, find resumeobject and note down the number allocated to it.



Type in bcdedit /set GUID recoveryenabled No (replace GUID with the resumeobject number you noted down in the previous step) and hit Enter.

Type bcdedit set guid recoveryenabled no

Type bcdedit set guid recoveryenabled no

Once done, reboot the computer.

Resolution 2: Reset Windows Registry

Type copy c:\windows\system32\config\RegBack\* c:\windows\system32\config in the Command Prompt and press Enter.

Windows registry

Windows registry

When asked for permission to overwrite existing files, type all and hit Enter.

When the process is done, close the CMD window using the exit command and restart the computer.

Resolution 3: Remove RAM

The easy trick you can try to fix Windows 10 automatic repair loop is removing the RAM.

Remember to turn OFF the computer before removing the RAM. In case, your system is having more number of RAMs then try to remove each RAM separately and start your computer (remove one RAM at a time and start system).  When you are done with removing all RAMs and entering Windows, run CHKDSK to verify your drives health, and SFC to fix corrupt system files.

Here is how to run CHKDSK on Windows 10 computer.

Open Command Prompt as admin.

Type chkdsk /f /r in the CMD window and hit Enter button.

Type chkdsk

Type chkdsk /f /r

Wait till the CHKDSK scanning gets completed.

Note: Visit this page in case, you come across CHKDSK is not available for RAW drives error message while running check disk scan on your hard drive, external hard drive, USB flash drive, etc.

Steps to Run SFC:

Launch Command Prompt (Run as administrator).

Type sfc /scannow and press Enter key.

Type sfc scannow

Type sfc scannow

Wait till the System File Checker completely scans your computer files.


What to Do When SD Card is Not Detected After Windows Restart

“Why is SD card not getting detected on my computer after restart?”. This is one of the common queries raised in various forums and discussions. Even though the exact cause behind the problem “SD card is not detected after Windows restarts” are not discovered, there are few recommended solutions you can give a try.

So, in this informative blog article, I have described different troubleshooting techniques to fix “SD card is not detected after Windows restarts” issue in an easy way. Try these resolutions one after the other till your undetected SD card appears on the My Computer/This PC.


Note: Solutions mentioned in this page are demonstrated on Windows 10 operating system running computer. However, you can implement the same on your respective Windows versions too, only the labels (options) may vary.

Instructions to Resolve SD Card Not Detected After Windows Restart Problem:

Step 1: Unlock Your SD Card

If your SD card is locked accidentally (without your knowledge), then Windows cannot recognize it. So, find the tiny switch on your SD card first, and unlock it (move the switch to opposite position). Later, try disabling and enabling the SD card. To do this,

  • Open Device Manager by clicking the Windows + X keys together
  • Find your card reader and right-click on it
  • Select the Disable device option
  • Give a pause and again right-click on the card reader
  • Click Enable device button

Step 2: Run Hardware Troubleshooter

Windows OS comes packed with various useful and easy-to-use troubleshooting tools for identifying and fixing the problems that you may encounter on daily usage. So, if your SD card is not detecting on Windows after restarts, then the best option is to run the Windows hardware troubleshooter.

Here is how to run Windows hardware troubleshooter:

  • Navigate to Settings (in Windows 10, press the Windows and I key at a time)
  • In the Settings window, click on the Update & security button
  • In the left panel, hit Troubleshoot
  • Switch to Hardware and devices section and Run the troubleshooter
Troubleshoot Hardware-and Devices

Troubleshoot Hardware-and Devices

Now, check if your SD card is detected on the computer.

Step 3: Update Windows

Since several Windows users complained that SD card is not detecting after Windows update followed by a restart, Microsoft provided a solution for this through an update.

So, if you are experiencing SD card not recognized problem after Windows update and restart, then try this resolution.

  • Open Windows Settings from the Start menu/Control Panel
  • Select Update & Security option in the Settings page
  • In the Windows Update window, click Check for updates button
Check for updates

Check for updates

Along with this, also try updating driver software present on your computer.

Step 4: Change SD Card Security Permissions

  • Open Command Prompt from the Start menu and select Run as administrator

Open Command prompt

  • Type attrib -h -r -s /s /d S:\*.* . and hit Enter key (note: replace S with your SD card drive letter)
Cmd code

Type this Cmd code


Step 5: Assign New Drive Letter to SD Card

Try changing/assigning a new drive letter to your SD card so that it gets detected by your Windows computer. Here is how to change the drive letter of the SD card.

  • Open Disk Management from the Start menu
  • Find and right-click on your SD card
  • Select the Change Drive Letter and Paths option
  • Click Add… button
Click Add button

Click Add button

  • Now select a new drive letter from the dropdown and assign it to your SD card (make sure you are selecting the unique drive letter; it is not assigned to any other drive)
Change drive letter and paths

Change drive letter and paths

  • Save the changes and close Disk Management window

Check, whether this method fixed your problem or not.

Step 6: Format the SD Card

If none of the above solutions solve your problem, “SD card is not detected after windows restart” then, the final step would be to format the SD card.

Caution: It is suggested to copy entire files from your SD card before you format it since formatting completely removes data from the card. So, connect the SD card to another Windows computer and recover files from it.

If the card is not readable on any of the Windows systems then, recover data from unreadable micro SD card, SD card, memory card, etc. with the help of a reliable card data recovery program available online and proceed to format the card later.

Procedure to Format Undetected SD card on Windows:

  • Open Disk Management and right-click on your SD card
  • Select the Format option and hit Yes
  • Next, set File system as FAT32 and click OK

How is Boot Camp Useful on an External Hard Drive and How to Run It?

How to use Boot Camp on an external drive

How to use Boot Camp on an external drive

Installing Windows operating system on an external hard drive would be the great solution for disk space problems, especially if you wish to run Windows on your Mac system. But, Boot Camp restricts installation of Windows on an external drive.

However, there are few techniques you can try to install Windows operating system on an external hard drive, like generating clones of current PC, using Microsoft IT programs and more.

But, in this informative blog article, it is illustrated how to install Windows OS on an external hard drive without prior installed Windows PC or virtual environment.

Note: Completely go through the process once, before implementing it. Also, it is suggested make earlier backup of your external hard drive data.

Things You Need to Run Boot Camp on External Hard Drive:

1.     USB flash drive (min 4GB capacity)

2.     Bootable external hard drive

3.     Original Windows 10 ISO or install CD/DVD

4.     Mouse/Keyboard (wired)

5.     Boot Camp Windows Support Software

6.     VirtualBox virtualization app


  1. Erase and Format the External Drive

  • Connect the external hard drive to Mac machine
  • Go to Applications -> Utilities and launch Disk Utility
Applications Utilities - Disk Utility

Applications Utilities – Disk Utility

  • Select the external hard drive and click the Erase button
  • Set the Scheme to Master Boot Record
  • And, Format to MS-DOS (FAT)
  • Name the external hard drive (suggested naming Win10 external)
Scheme to Master Boo Record

Scheme to Master Boot Record

  • Choose the Erase option
  1. Erase and Format the USB Flash Drive

  • Connect the USB flash drive to the Mac
  • Go to Applications, then Utilities and select Disk Utility
  • Select the USB flash drive and click the Erase button
  • Set Scheme and Format to Master Boot Record and MS-DOS (FAT) respectively
  • Name the USB flash drive
  • Click the Erase option
  1. Get Boot Camp Windows Drivers on USB Flash Drive

  • Navigate to Applications -> Utilities and open Boot Camp Assistant
  • Click the Continue button and in Select Tasks dialogue box
  • Disable “Create a Windows 7 or later version install disk” and “Install Windows 7 or later version” options
  • Enable “Download the latest Windows support software from Apple” option and hit Continue
Select Tasks - Boot Camp Assistant

Select Tasks – Boot Camp Assistant

  • Select the USB flash drive to install Windows support files and click Continue

Now, Boot Camp Assistant installs Windows support software on the USB flash drive. Provide credentials (administrator password) for Boot Camp to change the file permissions on the USB flash drive and hit the Continue button.

Note: Want to “fix disk is unreadable” error on Mac in just a few simple steps? Then, check this page!

Procedure to Install Windows on the External Hard Drive using VirtualBox:

Step 1: Install VirtualBox

  • Download and install VirtualBox
  • Go to Mac Applications, select Utilities then launch Terminal
Launch Terminal

Launch Terminal

  • Type diskutil list and press Enter key
  • A list of all attached disks to Mac will be displayed. Find your external hard drive (it should be WIN10 of type DOS_FAT_32). Note down its disk number (Identifier). E.g. disk1, disk2, disk3, etc.
  • Locate the external hard drive on the Desktop/Finder Right-click on it and select Eject option

Step 2: Map External Hard Drive to VirtualBox Disk

  • In the Terminal, type sudo VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename “bootcamp.vmdk” -rawdisk /dev/diskX and hit Enter key
  • Replace X with the actual disk number (disk identifier) of your external hard drive
  • In Terminal, type in your admin password, and press Enter button

Step 3: Create VirtualBox Virtual Machine for Windows

  • In Terminal, type sudo /Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/MacOS/VirtualBox; press Enter
  • In the VirtualBox, go to Tools (toolbar) and click on the New button
  • Give a Name for the installation (suggested WIN10), Set Type and Version to Microsoft Windows and Windows 10 (64-bit) correspondingly
  • Click Continue, accept the default memory size and proceed
  • In the Hard Disk dialogue box, choose to Use an existing virtual hard disk file
  • Under, “Use an existing virtual hard disk file” category, click on the folder icon (located at the right of the dropdown menu), browse and select vmdk file (present in home folder), click Open button, then Create
Use Bootcamp vmdk file

Use Bootcamp vmdk file

  • In VirtualBox, select your Windows 10 virtual machine, and find your Optical Drive. (typically located under Storage section of the virtual machine)
  • Open the Optical Drive item and select Choose Disk Image
  • Browse and select the Windows 10 ISO image; click Open.

Step 4: Install Windows on External Hard Drive using VirtualBox

  • In the VirtualBox toolbox, click the Start
  • The Windows 10 installation process will begin. Track the on-screen instructions.
  • Go for “Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)” option when prompted that “Which type of installation do you want?
  • The Windows setup displays the available drives and partitions on which Windows can be installed. Select the external hard drive, and click Format
  • After format, click Next. Windows installation process will start
Caution: When computer says, “Windows needs to restart” after the installation process, shut down the Virtual Machine immediately.

Step 5: Reboot Mac with Windows using External Hard Drive

  • Close all running applications and reboot the Mac
  • Hold down the Option key during restart, use arrow keys and select Windows drive (external hard drive)
  • Now, your Mac will boot from the external Windows hard drive
  • Windows may restart Mac during this process. So, while Mac is rebooting, hold down the Option key and select Windows to boot from

Step 6: Tune Apple Hardware to work Under Windows

  • Connect the USB flash drive (used earlier to make the Windows Support software) to Mac
  • Click the Windows Start menu and open File Explorer
  • In File Explorer, select your USB flash drive
  • Double-click on the Boot Camp folder and run the setup file (executable file) present inside it
  • Follow the on-screen instructions and install the Boot Camp drivers.

Once the installation of drivers is completed, all your Apple hardware, such as wireless keyboard, mice, mouse, etc. will work.

Added Info: A perfect flash drive data recovery software to recover data from any flash storage devices after virus attack, corruption, file system damage, error messages, and more. Check it out…


What is Windows Update Error 0x80070490 and How to Fix It?

The error 0x80070490 typically pops up when Windows user is trying to update current Windows OS, upgrade Windows operating system, or updating/installing/purchasing an app from the Windows Store.

Windows update error 0x80070490 fix

Windows update error 0x80070490 fix

General Causes for The Windows Update Error 0x80070490 Are

  • Misconfigured, corrupt or damaged system files
  • Virus or malware attack
  • Broken file or process present in the System Component Store/Component-Based Servicing (CBS)
  • Disabled services required by Windows update
  • Corrupt registry files
  • Antivirus conflict with Windows update, etc.

How to Fix Windows Update Error 0x80070490?

Step 1: Disable Third-Party Antivirus

Windows update is dedicated to working with Windows inbuilt security algorithm – Windows Defender. So, if you have installed any third-party antivirus program, then disable it or make sure the inbuilt defender is disabled.

Step 2: Run System File Checker

Windows System File Checker (SFC) scans your system files and repair missing or corrupted ones. So, running it may help you in fixing the Windows update error 0x80070490.

Here is how to run SFC on your Windows computer:

  • Press the Windows key, type cmd, right click on the Command Prompt and choose Run as administrator.
  • Click Yes in the prompted User Access Control (UAC) box.
  • In the CMD window, type sfc /scannow and press Enter key.

Type sfc /scannow

SFC replaces your corrupted system files with the healthy ones; if it detects any. Now, reboot the computer and check Windows update error 0x80070490 is fixed.


Several Windows users reported that their partition disappears after Windows 10 anniversary update, where many complained that Windows 8.1 update randomly deleted few files from the computer.

So, if you are also encountered such data loss problems after updating Windows then here is an easy way to restore files after Windows 8.1 update, Win 10 update, etc.

Step 3: Use DISM

Deployment Image and Servicing Management in short DISM is another command-line tool available in Windows. It is mainly used to mount and service Windows images before deployment.

However, it is also capable of installing, uninstalling, configuring and updating Windows features. So, here we can use it to fix Windows update error 0x80070490.

To Run DISM,

  • Launch Command Prompt as administrator.
  • Type dism.exe /online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth and hit Enter.


  • After DISM finishes, type sfc /scannow and click Enter.
  • Reboot the system and check the error 0x80070490 is solved.

Step 4: Try Windows Update Troubleshooter

Windows Update Troubleshooter is must-try troubleshooting tool for resolving all Windows update issues or errors. So, run Windows Update Troubleshooter using below guidelines to fix the Windows update error 0x80070490.

  • At Start menu, type troubleshoot, select Troubleshoot.
  • In the Troubleshoot window, click Windows Update then, Run the troubleshooter button.
Troubleshoot Windows  - Run troubleshooter

Troubleshoot Windows – Run troubleshooter

  • Complete the on-screen instructions and restart the system.

Step 5: Reset WU Components

Corrupt or damaged Windows Update (WU) components may also give rise to Windows update error code 0x80070490. If so, then resetting the WU components may solve the error message.

And, here is how to reset Windows Update components:

  • Open Command Prompt as administrator.
  • Type in below commands and press the Enter button after each, to stop Windows services and start the update process.
·        net stop bits

·        net stop wuauserv

·        net stop appidsvc

·        net stop cryptsvc

  • Type/paste Ren %systemroot%\SoftwareDistribution SoftwareDistribution.old and hit Enter key.


  • Next, type/paste Ren %systemroot%\system32\catroot2 catroot2.old and press Enter.


  • Now, type in below commands and press Enter after each, to restart the previously paused Windows services.
·        net start bits

·        net start wuauserv

·        net start appidsvc

·        net start cryptsvc


Fix “Could Not Complete the Operation, One Or More Parameter Values Are Not Valid”

Error Code:

“Could Not Complete the Operation, One Or More Parameter Values Are Not Valid”



After a Windows update, MS Outlook displayed an error “Outlook is not the default email client”. Later, resetting the Outlook as the default client allowed the access to Outlook.

Surprisingly, previous Outlook rules are no longer working. If the user tries to check the Rules and Alerts section, an error message is displayed that states “could not complete the operation, one or more parameter values are not valid”.

Fix “Could Not Complete the Operation…”

  1. Repair Microsoft Office Program:

For Outlook 2010/2013/2016/2019

  • Close Outlook program, if it is running
  • Open Control Panel, go to Programs and select Programs and Features
  • Find and select Microsoft Office 2010/2013/2016/2019 program from the list of available applications
  • Click the Change button
  • Select Repair option and follow the on-screen instructions
Repair Office

Repair Office

For Outlook 2007:

  • Open Microsoft Office 2007 program
  • Click the Help button present at the top navigation bar, and select Office Diagnostics
  • Continue, and click on the Start Diagnostics button

Complete the repair process.

For Outlook 2003:

  • Open Control Panel and choose to Add or Remove Programs
  • Click on Microsoft Office/Outlook and select Change
  • Go for Reinstall or Repair, and proceed by clicking the Next
  • Select Detect and Repair option

Track the on-screen guidelines.

  1. Create New Profile

  • Close Outlook and go to Control Panel.
  • Search and open Mail.
  • Click Show Profiles option in the Mail wizard.
  • Click the Add button to add a new profile. Name it and hit OK.
  • Complete the Auto Account Setup process and hit Finish when done.
  • In Mail window, select Prompt for a profile to be used and select the newly created Outlook profile.
  • Start the Outlook app.
  1. Repair PST File

Quit Outlook and depending on the version of your Outlook, navigate to below folder:

  • In Outlook 2019: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16
  • In Outlook 2016: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16
  • In Outlook 2013: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office15
  • In Outlook 2010: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office14
  • In Outlook 2007: C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12

Double-click on the SCANPST.EXE file.

  • Click the Browse button and select your Outlook Data File (.pst) to scan.
  • Hit the Start button to begin the scanning process.
  • If the ScanPST finds any error, then fix them by clicking the Repair button.
Click Repair button scanpst

Click Repair button Scanpst

Note: Don’t forget to check the checkbox “Make a backup of scanned file before repairing“, prior to starting PST file Repair process.

When the PST file repair process is completed, start your Outlook with the repaired Outlook Data File (PST).

In case, your PST file is severely corrupted or damaged then the Inbox Repair tool (ScanPST) cannot repair it completely. Then, how to fix errors detected in the file Outlook PST?  Well, here is the solution.

Remo Repair Outlook – an excellent Outlook repair tool is at your help. This result-oriented software can repair corrupt PST files created on any version of MS Outlook. This is a read-only program (The tool do not modify your original PST file, instead it works on its replicate) available for free download. It assuredly fixes broken, damaged, inaccessible, or corrupt PST files irrespective of the cause for corruption. So, give it a try, if ScanPST is not helpful for you.

  1. System Restore

  • Remove network cable and disable wireless network connection in your computer.
  • Open Control Panel and click on System.
  • Select System Protection and choose System Restore.
System Protection - System Restore

System Protection – System Restore

  • Click Next, select the most recent restore point (where your system was working fine).
  • Go Next and Finish the process.
  • Opt Yes when prompted to start the system restore.
  • When the system restore process is completed, reboot the computer.
  • Now, open your Outlook to check “Could Not Complete the Operation, One Or More Parameter Values Are Not Valid” error is resolved.

How to Partition and Format an SSD on Windows 10/8/7



SSD, short for solid state drive is a type of hard disk that uses flash memory instead of rotating magnetic platters (like in traditional HDD’s). SSD’s are slowly but surely replacing the traditional HDD’s. Not only do the SSD’s offer better performance and speed, but they are also more reliable. This is because SSD’s don’t consist of any moving parts, hence the wear and tear on the device are very less over time. Secondly, SSD’s consume considerably less power than that of HDD’s. Despite these advantages, the only reason SSD’s are not preferred is due to their high prices. But with time as the prices reduce, SSD’s will surely rule the market.

Getting started

Before proceeding with partitioning and formatting an SSD, first of all, make sure you don’t have any data on it. If you have any data, make a backup using an external storage device. This is a very important step because formatting/partitioning will erase the drive clean.

Partitioning and formatting an SSD

Once you have made a backup of the data on your SSD, proceed with the following steps for partitioning and formatting it.

  1. Connect the SSD to your computer through a USB cable. If the SSD is built in, you don’t have to worry about this step.
  2. Then click Windows + X keys and select Disk Management from the menu that opens.
  3. If the SSD you are trying to partition is new, then it will not be initialized. In that case, you will receive a pop-up window asking if you want to initialize the drive. Here, choose from the 2 partitioning styles ‘MBR’ or ‘GPT’ and click Ok.

Please note that for a drive greater than 2TB, you must select GPT partitioning style. And if you are using a Windows XP system, choose MBR.


Initialize Disk

  1. Now that you have accepted to initialize the drive, it is ready to be partitioned and formatted. If you wish you can create more than one partition. To do so, you need to shrink the existing volume first and create an ‘Unallocated space’ and then follow the steps from Step 5 onwards. But in this guide, we are considering only one partition.
  2. Since the drive, we are using in this example is a new drive with no data, the free space will be indicated as ‘Unallocated Space’. Right click on ‘Unallocated Space’ and select New Simple Volume.
Select New Simple Volume

Select New Simple Volume

  1. A New Simple Volume wizard will now open; click Next to proceed with the format process.
  2. In the next screen, you will be asked to choose the ‘size of the volume’ you wish to create.
  3. Next, assign a drive letter for the volume and click Next.
Assign Drive Letter

Assign Drive Letter

  1. In the next screen, select the Quick Format option and click Next.
Select Quick Format

Select Quick Format

  1. Finally, click the Finish button to complete the format process.

Once the process is complete, your drive is partitioned and formatted and ready to use. In the steps explained above, we have the terms ‘partition’ and ‘volume’. Just to clarify what the two terms mean, let us get to their definitions.

Partition is a name for a logical division on the hard disk. These partitions should be formatted and mounted before it can be used. That is data can be read and written into the disk only when the partition is formatted and mounted.

A volume, on the other hand, is a partition that has been formatted using a file system. Once formatted, the OS will recognize the file system and mount it. Once mounted, data can be read and written to the drive.

Remo Recover, a D-I-Y software for data recovery

As we’ve already discussed above, the first thing you need to do before partitioning or formatting an SSD is to backup data. Failing to do so can be disastrous as all data on the drive will be wiped clean. If you have encountered such a situation, there is nothing to worry, thanks to the data recovery tool called Remo Recover.

Remo Recover is specially designed to recover data from formatted or partitioned drives. It can be used to recover data from SSDs as well as HDDs, SATA, IDE, SCSI drives and more. As far as recovered data is concerned, it will be in the same manner as the original.


5 Solutions to Resolve the Windows Error ‘0x80004005’

Here, we discuss an error ‘0x80004005’ that occurs on Windows systems. Since it reads as an unspecified error, it can be hard to identify the exact cause of the error. But don’t worry, here we provide simple and effective solutions that have worked for many users.

Fix error 0x80004005

Here’s how to solve the error ‘0x80004005’

  1. Run Windows Update Troubleshooter

If you see the error ‘0x80004005’ when installing a Windows update, then you can run the Windows Update troubleshooter. The troubleshooter will resolve problems related to updates and also restart certain programs which are causing trouble. After running the troubleshooter, you can try updating Windows again.

To run the Windows Update Troubleshooter, please follow the troubleshooting guide below.

  • Click on the Start menu and select Settings
  • Go to Update & Security > Troubleshoot
  • Select Windows Update and click Run the Troubleshooter

Update Troubleshooter

  • Then restart your computer and try to update Windows again. This should help resolve the error. If not, proceed to the next solution in this guide.
  1. Run System File Checker

System File Checker is a tool to check corrupt system files and replace them. Due to various reasons like viruses, corruption in the hard drive etc. system files may get corrupted and need repair. In order to repair these system files, SFC can be used. It is a built-in tool that needs to be run using the Command Prompt.

To run SFC,

  • In the Windows search bar, type ‘command prompt’
  • When you find the Command prompt tool, right click on it and select Run as Administrator

Open Command prompt

  • When the command prompt opens, type ‘sfc /scannow’

The system will now scan the system files. If it finds any corrupt files, they are replaced by healthy ones. However, if SFC cannot repair the corrupt files, you can try and make use of DISM tool, also available through the command prompt, which is explained in the next step.

  1. Run DISM

In cases when SFC cannot repair corrupt system files, DISM comes in handy. To run DISM command, open command prompt using the same instructions as above and type the following command.

‘DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth’

DISM scans for corruption issues and repairs them if it finds any. Depending on the number of issues, DISM may take some time to complete. Once the process completes, the error should be resolved. If not, you can proceed to the next step.

  1. Perform a clean boot

Certain programs or applications can interfere with the regular functioning and may cause errors such as ‘0x80004005’. By performing a clean boot, you can restart the system with a minimum number of programs. All unnecessary programs and applications will be blocked temporarily while you perform a clean boot.

  • Click on the Start menu in your computer, type ‘msconfig’ in the Search bar and open System Configuration

Open System Configuration

  • Then click on the Services tab and select the checkbox corresponding to ‘Hide All Microsoft Services’ and click Disable All

Disable unnecessary startup services

  • Click Windows + X keys and select Task Manager
  • Select all the start-up programs and click Disable

Finally, close the Task Manager and restart your computer. Then check if the error ‘0x80004005’ is resolved. If not, you can proceed to the next step as shown below.

  1. Perform a clean reinstall

If none of the above solutions help you resolve the error ‘0x80004005’, then Windows reinstallation can be done as a last resort. Once reinstallation is done, you will have a fresh system with all the problematic applications gone. This should help you resolve the error. But always remember to have a complete backup of your system before performing this step.

Data recovery using Remo Recover

When performing certain operations like reinstallation of OS, data on your system may be lost. If you don’t have a backup, it can be very hard. In order to help you recover data, we introduce you to a tool called Remo Recover.

Remo Recover can be used to recover data after an OS reinstall, after formatting a drive (usually performed to resolve corruption issues) or even after a factory reset. Data recovered using Remo Recover will be in its original form and structure. Even the original file names will remain after the recovery process.

If you are someone experiencing data loss issues, download Remo Recover for free and begin with the recovery process.