How to Repair Corrupt Directory on Windows 10

Data is one of the main aspects of our life nowadays. We store all kinds of data within our systems, but with the time certain files turn out to be corrupted and inaccessible. When our important files get corrupted, it turns out to be a nightmare. Corrupted directory on Windows 10 is one of such issues. There is a solution to fix this issue, which we will discuss in the rest of this article.

Fixing a Corrupted Directory on Windows 10

A Corrupted Directory can cause many problems for the user. The corruption won’t allow the user to access their files. There are several scenarios of issues related to corrupted directories. Some of the users have reported the following problems:

“The file or directory is corrupted” and “Unreadable folder” – Users have encountered this message when trying to open certain files and folders.

“Repair corrupt folder” –  Users have also reported error messages asking them to repair the corrupt folder. With the help of many third party tools available on the internet, it is an easy task nowadays.

“The file or directory is corrupted” and “unreadable c drive, please run the chkdsk utility” –  In some scenarios, users have reported of error messages asking them to run the chkdsk utility on their C drive. In the following of this article, you will be guided step by step on how to run the chkdsk utility.

“Repair corrupted directory in external hard drive” – The data stored on external hard drives may also get corrupted with time. In some of the cases, users are able to recover their files with various third-party tools, but the recommended option is to run the chkdsk scan. If the above steps won’t work out, then you may have to format your drive.

Various solutions for fixing the corrupted directory errors are given below:

SOLUTION I: Using the Chkdsk tool

The Chkdsk tool is a command line tool that scans the hard drive partition for errors and fixes the corrupted files and folders. With Chkdsk tool, you can easily fix the problems with your corrupted directory. The procedure for running the chkdsk tool is given below:

Step I:

Run the Command Prompt as an administrator. In order to do that, press the Win + R buttons on your keyboard. And the Run dialog box will appear. In the box provided, type ‘cmd’ and press Enter.

And then the command prompt opens up.

Step II:

When Command Prompt opens up, enter the command “chkdsk /f X:” and press Enter. Replace the X in the above command with the letter of your respective hard drive partition.

Wait while the chkdsk tool scans your hard drive partition for errors.

After the scan is completed, the file corruption issue would be completely resolved automatically. Certain users report that the chkdsk tool might delete files from their partition without any warning. So, make sure that any important data present on your system is backed up before running the chkdsk command.


Making use of an external storage device for keeping your important data will be a safe option and it also frees up space on your system’s hard drive. But many users have also reported of file corruption issues occurring on their external storage devices too. One of the easiest methods to fix this problem is by reconnecting your external hard drive a number of times.

When you reconnect your dive a number of times, then the Windows OS will inform you that there is an issue with your drive. It would then ask you permission for repairing the problem. The repair process would be complete within 40 seconds and the corruption issues would be fixed.


If files in the unreadable partition are not important to you, then formatting is the easiest solution. Formatting process configures hard disk with a new file system, after which the old and corrupted file system will be replaced. The shortcoming of formatting is that it erases all existing data off the partition and affects the results of file recovery. Steps on formatting your external storage disk are given below:

Step I: Open This PC and locate the external storage device from the list of drives. Right-click on the device and select the ‘Format’ option.

Step II: In the format window, choose the file system type and click on the Quick Format option.

Once the formatting process is complete, the user will be able to access their external storage device without any issues. Formatting your drive would erase off all the data, commit to this step after confirming that you have a recent backup of the contents in the drive.

Formatting the drive, no doubt provides a complete solution for the corrupt directory, but what about the files stored in that drive? If no backup of the files is found, it is a huge data loss. If you are not allowed to take the backup of the drive before formatting, don’t worry! Make use of Remo Recover software that recovers data from the formatted Windows 10 drive quickly. In fact, you can download the trial version of the software that recovers and avails the free preview of the recovered files before purchasing it.


Most of us are familiar with the Safe Mode in windows. If the error is due to some malicious program, then you could try accessing the directory in Safe Mode. Safe Mode is a special segment of Windows that runs with default applications and settings, so it’s perfect for troubleshooting.

Steps for entering the Safe Mode in windows is provided below:

Step I: Open the Start Menu and click the Power button. Now press and hold the Shift key and click the Restart button.

Step II: Now select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings from the menu. Then click Restart to proceed.

Step III: List of options in Safe Mode will appear. Select any version of Safe Mode and press Enter.


If you’re still having problems with corrupted directories, then the problem might be due to a corrupted user account. If your user account is corrupted, then you might not be able to access certain directories.

Try creating a new account from the Accounts section in the Control Panel.

After creating a new account, switch to the new account and try accessing the file directories from the new account. If you’re able to access all the files, then the problem was due to a corrupted user account. As there is no way to repair a corrupted account, you will have to copy your personal files to a new account and use the new account as the main one.

Your files or file directory may go corrupted anytime and repairing a corrupted directory on Windows 10 may be a hard process. In such instances, try to make use of the chkdsk tool for fixing the error. If the error stays still, try out any of the solutions provided in the article.

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