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How to Open and Edit TIFF and JPEG in Adobe Camera Raw

You might be aware of Adobe Camera Raw plug-in that was initially designed for Photoshop to edit and pictures were taken in your camera’s raw file format. Later, Adobe added the ability for Camera Raw to edit JPEG and TIFF file formats as well. So this tutorial will show you how to open JPEG and TIFF formats in Camera Raw and also make you to learn some of the minor differences between editing a JPEG or TIFF file versus a RAW file.

Opening JPEG and TIFF in Camera Raw

To open a single JPEG file or TIFF located on your computer, navigate to File menu in Photoshop, then choose Open and find the file you want to open. Now click on that file, then from the Format pop-up menu located at the bottom of the Open dialog box, select Camera Raw and eventually click on the Open option.

If you want this to happen always that means to open JPEG and TIFF file in Camera Raw always, you need to set that as a preference. To do this, go to Photoshop > Preferences > Camera Raw. At the bottom of the Preferences dialog, where it says JPEG and TIFF Handling, choose Automatically Open All Supported JPEGs and Automatically Open All Supported TIFFs.

Let’s see what are the differences between editing JPEG, TIFF, and RAW

Most of the times, you wouldn’t be able to recognize whether you are editing a JPEG or RAW file format! This is because of the fact that all the sliders look and work in the same manner. But, there are three things that work distinctly in all the three image file formats.

#1. White Balance Presets

If you choose to shoot the pictures in JPEG or TIFF mode, you’ll see that the presets like Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent, Daylight is gone once you click on the White Balance preset pop-up menu in the Basic panel! The reason for this is, when you shoot in JPEG mode, the settings are “baked in”, which means all the presets along with color profiles are already applied to the image in the camera.

Whereas, in the RAW file case, you basically tell the camera to turn off all the presets like Sharpening, Contrasts, Color profiles and any picture styles you had turned on in the camera. Just provide me an untouched RAW image and I’ll add all that stuff by myself in Camera Raw. So for this reason only, RAW photos usually look pretty flat right out of the camera. And this is the reasons why when you go to the White Balance pop-up menu on a RAW image, you have all those presets to choose from.

#2. The Missing Picture Styles

On most of the DSLRs, there is a feature called Pictures Styles that allow you to turn on presets to give you different looks for different situations.

If you choose any one of these styles and decided to shoot in RAW mode, the camera actually turns off those picture styles so when you open your image in Camera Raw, it’s as if you never applied them. Luckily, you can choose to apply these picture style presets right in Camera Raw.

On the other hand, if you choose a picture style in your camera, and you shoot in JPEG mode, it embeds that picture style into the image, so when you open your image in Camera Raw, the picture style is already there. If you were to go to the Camera Calibration tab, instead of a list of picture styles you’d just see the word “Embedded.”

#3. Choosing your color Profile

The camera ignores whichever color profile you chose when you shoot in RAW. It is good because you get to choose which color profile you want in your final image in the Workflow Options, which is that little blue underlined line of text that appears below the image preview in Camera Raw.

When you make a change in this Workflow Options dialog, you’re basically setting the preference for how your images will be exported from here on out, so if you turn on sharpening here, it stays on for every image until you come back here and turn it off.

So these are the big three things you’ll run into editing a JPEG or TIFF image in Camera Raw that would be different from editing a RAW image. Now you know if you see something like Embedded in a Camera Profile, or you don’t see any choices in your White Balance menu, you’ll know exactly why.

Like TIFF, JPEG and RAW images, you can also open and edit PSD files on Adobe Camera Raw. But PSD file is more prone to damage. If any adjustments to a PSD file does any damage, the image may get pixelated making the file corrupt. So, it is recommended to take backup of the image file that you are going to put for editing on Adobe Photoshop Camera Raw.

“To repair PSD file on Mac, make use of Remo Repair PSD that can be installed on any latest versions of Mac OS X, including Sierra.”

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