How to Scan and Fix Disk Errors in Windows 10

Is your hard drive being susceptible to failure? Do you see any erratic, slow performance, any data loss, failed read/write operations, whirring noises or any random crashes on your Windows 10 hard drive?

If yes, then you have to act fast! The sooner you diagnose and fix or replace your hard drive, the better; otherwise, you might find yourself with a malfunctioning hard drive and no way to get your data off of it.

So let’s see how to avoid hard drive failures on Windows 10 by fixing disk errors…

Sometimes, system drives can become corrupted. However, Windows includes tools that will scan your disk for errors and attempt to fix them. Depending on your computer and hard drive, you may even be able to use a manufacturer’s diagnostic tool or a tool built-in to your BIOS. This article explains how to use those tools.

Error Checking Hard Drives in Windows 10

You can start a hard disk scan from within File Explorer if you can boot to the Windows desktop. To do this, click Start > File Explorer > This PC. Then, right-click the system drive where Windows 10 is installed, then click Properties. Select the Tools tab then click Check.

Windows 10 only offers a single option, which lets you continue using the drive while it scans for errors. If errors are found, Windows 10 will offer the option to fix them. When complete, Windows will determine if errors are found or not. You can review a detailed report within Event Viewer by clicking Show Details.

Note: Scanning can take some time depending on the size of the drive and severity of any errors found!

Running Chkdsk from the Command Prompt

As an alternative, you can execute the Chkdsk command from the command line to scan the disk for errors. In order to do this, press <Windows key> + <X> and click Command Prompt (Admin)Type: chkdsk /r /f at the command prompt then hit <Enter>. This will prompt you to schedule a scan of the hard disk when Windows 10 starts up. Type Y then hit <Enter>.

Running Chkdsk on an Unbootable Hard Drive

In case, if you are not able to boot into Windows 10 desktop, you can try booting into the Windows 10 recovery environment, launch the command prompt, then schedule chkdsk there.

To do this, turn your computer on and off three times while booting. Make sure you shut down the computer when you see the Windows logo. After the third time, Windows 10 will boot into diagnostics mode. When the recovery screen appears, click Advanced options. Click Troubleshoot > Advanced options then click Command Prompt. Proceed to enter the chkdsk commands: chkdsk /r /f then hit <Enter>.

When you are unable to boot onto Windows 10 in any way, then you can make use tools that are built into the computer’s BIOS. Some manufacturers include the hard drive self-testing utility called Drive Protection System (DPS) Self-Test. If your computer does not include a drive testing utility, you can utilize third party solutions. If you can boot to the Windows 10 desktop, press <Windows key> + <R>, type: msinfo32 then hit <Enter>. Expand Components -> Storage in the System Summary tree, then click Disks. Look for your hard drive.

Take note of the model information, copy it into your favorite search engine, then download any available drive testing utilities available from the manufacturer’s website. If none are available, then you will have to make do with the built-in solutions that come with Windows 10 or built into your computer’s firmware or BIOS.

“If you couldn’t able to check and fix disk error and your Windows 10 hard drive fails, then make use of Remo Recover tool to recover data. You can also restore data from a failed hard drive of laptop using this software.”

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