Simplest way to repair errors in Outlook PST files

The developed technologies allow the user to use more enhanced features by launching various products. MS Outlook is regarded as the most powerful email client tool designed by Microsoft Inc. It provides a better management tool to handle emails with an excellent interface. This Microsoft Outlook comes up with various versions like 2000, 2003, 2007 and 2010.

Microsoft Outlook stores entire Outlook data like contacts, emails, messages, notes, calendar, appointments etc. within a particular folder called as PST file. This Outlook PST file has different file structure and provides Unicode support. The file size limitation of this PST file varies for different versions of Outlook like file size for 2000 is 2GB, Outlook 2007 is 20GB and Outlook 2010 is 50GB.

There are times where even these PST files get corrupt due to variable factors like virus attack, human errors, abrupt Outlook shut down, etc. which results in inaccessibility of data and you may suffer severe data loss.

Consider yourself in a scenario where you compressed your MS Outlook profile in order to save memory on your Windows based PC. Later when you tried to extract the archived PST fie, it displayed an error message saying that your PST file is corrupted. After this kind of situation you must be unable to access your Outlook archive file. Now you must be worried and thinking a way to fix PST errors and restore the lost data back from it. But you will be surprised to hear that the damaged PST file can be fixed easily by using repair PST software.

There are many repair software’s made available in the market which lets you to repair the file and restore your lost emails back. One such software is Repair PST tool which supports all the versions of Microsoft Outlook. However, you must also be familiar with some more data loss situations which you may face while using Outlook.

What are the Reasons for data loss from Outlook?

  • Accidental deletion of emails from MS Outlook.
  • Outlook PST files also get corrupted due to virus infection and crashing hard drive of your PC which causes loss of important data.
  • PST files get damaged because of corrupted hard drive partitions which also lead to huge data loss.
  • In the event if the file is modified by many users over the network then the PST file gets corrupted resulting in loss of emails.
  • Corruption of Email header also causes data loss stored in Outlook PST file.
  • Improper shut down of your system which makes the Outlook file inaccessible resulting in loss of data.

In order to avoid data loss from your Microsoft Outlook you need to take care some of the protective steps which are listed below:

  • Take regular backup of your important Outlook PST file.
  • Always update your system with antivirus program to make your computer free from deadly virus.
  • Stop using your Outlook after corruption to avoid overwriting of data.
  • Use reliable power source to avoid abrupt shutdown of your computer.

In case if you face any of data loss scenarios then no need to worry you can easily repair your damaged Outlook PST file. This can be done by making use of inbox repair tool called scanpst.exe which allows you to fix corrupted PST file. This inbuilt tool will not work if your PST file is severely damaged. But still you can fix it using PST repair tool which provides the best solution for the question how to repair password protected PST file?

PST repair tool repairs severely corrupted PST file to recover not only emails but also all the Outlook attributes like tasks, notes, attachments, sent items etc. This software repairs Outlook PST files created on all versions of Microsoft Outlook 2000, 2003, 2007 and 2010. This utility helps you to fix oversized Outlook PST files .It also repairs OST files and restore data from it. This repair tool ensures the safety of your source PST file as it stores the restored data in a new PST file. The software supports recovery of Outlook contacts from different versions of Windows operating system like Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP.

Following are the basic steps to use PST repair tool at your fingertips.

Get the trial version of the software and install it on the hard disk of your PC. Now open the application and Click on browse to locate the PST file that needs to be repaired.  Select the appropriate repair options which you face while using the repair tool. When your repair process is completed you can check the performance of the software and if you are satisfied with the results you can purchase the Repair tool available online.




An approach to Repair broken ZIP file

When you access the broken Zip file it shows following errorsAn easy approach to broken ZIP file repair such as Zip file is corrupted or damaged, invalid or damaged Zip file, compressed folder is invalid due to that files become inaccessible to you. How can you repair broken ZIP file? Is this file can be repaired? Yes, of course it can be repaired using broken ZIP file repair software. While the ZIP file become broken or damaged you can replace the broken ZIP file with the backup file. If you don’t have the backup then you need to use ZIP file repair. Let us discuss some situations of ZIP fie corruption:

  • ZIP file become broken through virus attack: When you download the file from internet or unsecure shared network then there may be the chances of virus intrusion to ZIP file and it become corrupt or broken. When you transferred the data using USB, memory card, portable hard drive to a system in which you already stored the ZIP file then it may also lead to virus intrusion which may results in file broken.
  • ZIP file become broken due to download interruption: While you downloading a ZIP file from the internet and connection become interrupted due to network error or any other error then there might be the chances of ZIP file to be broken.
  • Interrupted Extraction Process: During the file extraction process from the ZIP file computer become shut down or restart then it may also broken the ZIP file.
  • Corrupted header of ZIP file: Header of ZIP file contains complete information of ZIP file if the header of ZIP file becomes broken or corrupted due to any error then file become inaccessible.
  • Bad CRC error: When you send the file from one system to another system using internet or shared network then it checks for the CRC if the file become broken then it shows the bad CRC error.
  • ZIP file shows the error such as “Cannot open a file: it does not appear to be a valid ZIP file.

Due to the user-friendly and user wizard interface this software is very easy to use that’s why a novice person can also repair the broken ZIP file using ZIP file repair tool.

ZIP file repair tool proves to be very helpful to repair broken ZIP file. This software can repair password protected and encrypted ZIP file also very easily and efficiently and can repair ZIP files with size of 4GB and more.  This software is compatible with all versions of operating system such as Windows 7, VISTA, XP, 2003, NT. It supports repair of files on both Windows and Mac operating systems.

Follow simple steps to recover broken ZIP files:

Now, you can repair the broken ZIP file using broken ZIP file repair tool in few clicks. This software is developed by the industry expert and recommended by prominent industries. Go forward with following on screen steps as given below:

  1. Download and install the ZIP file repair software in the system which has the broken ZIP file. But don’t install the software on the same drive on which the broken ZIP file is stored.
  2. Select the recovery option available on the screen and select the drive from the list on which the broken ZIP file resides.
  3. The software starts scanning the broken ZIP file and after completion of scanning process it displays the repaired ZIP file in front of you.
  4. If you satisfied with the result then you can purchase the software to save the repaired file.

Precaution Measures:

We all know that follow precautions is better than to repair the ZIP file after broken; if we go through some precautionary measures then we can avoid from such ZIP file broken issues. Even though if we suffered from such issues then broken ZIP file repair tool will help us. Some precautions are as given below:

  1. Make a regular practice to scan the files using updated antivirus software.
  2. While the ZIP file becomes broken then use only reliable software to repair the broken ZIP file.
  3. Don’t work on fluctuated power supply it may break or damaged your ZIP file by abrupt shut down of your system.

I hope you understood how to repair the broken ZIP file and the precautions also.

How to recover corrupt word document?

I was working on Microsoft Word but when I am trying to open it, it says file is corrupted. I know it can be recovered, but I am unaware how to recover corrupt word document. Does anyone have a better solution to recover corrupt Microsoft Word document.

Yes you can, it is very easy to recover the corrupt document by word repair tool. By the use of word repair tool you can recover attached all items. Before going through the recovery process, let us discuss the situations which may results in word document corruption.

Improper System Shut down: While you are working on Microsoft word document and your system become abruptly shut down due to power surge or any other error then it may corrupt your word document.

Downloading Process Interrupt: While you are downloading a word document file from the internet, if the downloading process becomes interrupt due to network problem or some other error, then also Word document may get corrupt.

Unreliable Recovery Software: When you lost word document file and while you try to recover it using unreliable recovery software then also there might be the chances of word document corruption.

Virus Infections: This is very common situation which may results in word document corruption. When you store the word document downloaded or transferred through internet then there are more chances of word document corruption. When you use the storage devices like USB, memory card and external hard drive in the system, you have stored word file then virus may corrupt your hard drive. Macro viruses also insert some unwanted text to the word document; it may leads to word document corruption.

Header Corruption: Header in operating system has the complete information about the file. If the header of word document become corrupt then it becomes difficult to access the word document or you would become unable to access it. You would not be able to access the data until the header is not repaired.

We have discussed a lot of reasons which leads to severe word document corruption but word repair tool is powerful in every case to repair corrupt word document file. This software can also do repairing of corrupted DOC and DOCX file very easily and efficiently. One important thing about this software is that it is available with free demo version so you can download the demo version free of cost. You can repair the damaged file using this software.

This software is compatible with to all the versions of Windows such as 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, 7 and compatible with all the versions of MS office 2000, 2003, 2007 and 2010.

Go through following steps to recover corrupt word document:

Now, you can repair the corrupted word document using this software in few clicks. This software is designed by the industry expert and recommended by prominent industries. Its beautiful user wizard does not require any technical knowledge for the recovery of word document. A non technical person can also recover the corrupt word document using this software proceeding with following on screen steps as given below:

  1. Download and install the software in the system which has the corrupted word document. But don’t install the software on the same drive on which the corrupted word document is stored.
  2. Select the recovery option available on the screen and select the drive from the list on which the corrupted word document resides.
  3. The software starts scanning the drive and after completion of scanning process it displays the repaired word document file in front of you.
  4. If you satisfied with the result then you can purchase the software to save the repaired file.

Precautions need to be taken care:

We all know that follow precautions is better than to recover the word file after corruption; if we follow some precautionary measures then we can avoid from such word document corruption issues. Even though if we suffered from such issues then word repair tool will help us. Some precautionary measures are as given below:

  1. Always keep antivirus in your system updated.
  2. If you loss the files from the hard drive then use only reliable recovery software for the recovery of word file.
  3. Don’t work on fluctuated power supply it may corrupt your word document file by abrupt shut down of your system.

I hope you understood the recovery of word file risks and precautions.

How to repair Outlook inbox?

Outlook Recovery Tool
Had you ever been in a situation, when you were trying to access your emails from MS Outlook and it refused to open or it showed you some error?

If the answer to the above question is ‘Yes’ then you are at the right place. Your Outlook emails become inaccessible to you because either it got corrupted or there might be some error. But error may be anything; you can repair your Outlook inbox very easily. For this you can use repair Outlook inbox tool and you can again access to your emails. Its a few clicks process and it can repair your Outlook inbox within few minutes. Your Outlook inbox may get corrupt & become inaccessible in the instances explained below:

Oversized PST file: MS has given a limited size to the PST file in different Outlook versions. It differs for different versions. When the size of PST file exceeds the size which is already provided then there may be the chances of Outlook inbox corruption. Due to oversized PST file while you try to access emails from MS Outlook it is not going to open.

Virus / Malware Attack: Sometimes your Outlook emails become infected through virus attack and while you trying to access your emails it refuses to open showing some errors. To get rid of corrupted emails you may have deleted all your emails or you have deleted email folder. It may result in your all email loss.

Sudden system shut down: While you are working on Outlook inbox, all of a sudden your system shuts down due to power surge or due to some other error occurred. Then it may leads to Outlook inbox corruption but you can repair the corrupted inbox using Outlook inbox repair tool.

Header Corruption: Header contains all the information of PST file. If this header get corrupts then also emails not get opened. Header corruption happens due to sudden system shut down.

Unreliable repair software: While your Outlook inbox becomes corrupt, you may have used unreliable software to repair the Outlook inbox. But it didn’t repair the Outlook inbox and results with some more corruption. Due to that your emails become inaccessible to you.

So we have discussed many reasons of Outlook inbox corruption, in all these scenarios corrupted inbox can be repaired using inbox repair tool only. This software scans the corrupted PST file and creates the new PST file from the corrupted one. It doesn’t make any change to the original file. Its scanning process is very effective because it scans the hard drive very deeply and repairs the corrupted Outlook inbox.

This software is compatible with all Windows versions such as Windows 2000, 2003, XP, Vista, 7 and also helpful to recover emails from any Outlook version whether it is 2000, 2003 2007 or 2010.

Procedure for inbox repair:

Microsoft has already provided its inbox repair tool Scanpst.exe to repair the corrupted inbox and all other Outlook items but in some situations it doesn’t provide expected result and fails to repair the Outlook inbox. In these situations inbox repair software comes into picture. Carry out some simple steps how to use this software:

  1. Download and install the trial version of software.
  2. Browse the PST file on which you become inaccessible to your emails.
  3. Start the scan process in order to repair the inbox.
  4. After completing the repair process this software will display repaired Outlook inbox.
  5. Activate the trial and access your Outlook inbox.

Precaution Measures: If you want to escape from all these problems then use some precautions as given below:

  1. Always keep a backup of PST file. If your inbox become corrupt then using the backup you can repair corrected inbox.
  2. Always keep your antivirus software updated so no virus attack will happen.
  3. Don’t open your Outlook in power fluctuation or irregular power supply.
  4. Regularly delete your unwanted emails so that PST size never exceeded from the provided one.
  5. Even though your Outlook becomes corrupted then never use unreliable software to recover Outlook inbox.

Using these precautions you can escape from outlook inbox corruption or inaccessibility of emails.

Approach to recover external hard drive data

What is External HDD?

External HDD is one of the widely used devices to hold huge amount of data in portable format. Generally people use hard drive for maintaining backup. Hard drive ranges from 10GB to 50TB. Losing such a huge backup is unbearable. There are numerous reasons which can corrupt you hard drive data and make it inaccessible.

What exactly are common scenarios for data loss?

A bad sector on the external hard drive is the most prominent reason for data loss from external hard drive. Due to scratches the external hard drive may have bad sectors. If the volume header encounters a bad sector then hard drive crashes and due to this we are unable to access the data stored beyond that particular sector. In this condition generally people think that they lose entire data from their hard disk for forever. However it is not the truth, you are able to recover lost data by bypasses the bad sector with data recovery application.

Improper ejection of external hard drive may also be another reason for data loss from external hard drive. Mostly people remove their external drive without ejecting it properly. This sudden removal of external drive may delete a few of the files from external drive and leads you towards data loss. If you stuck in any such situation, then don’t worry, be relaxed! Because still there is a chance to recover data by using file recovery tool it is possible to recover external hard drive data.

Formatting an external hard disk is also quite common. It is always advised users to take a backup of crucial file /folders. But sometimes users unknowingly format their hard drive without taking an appropriate backup. For the people who lost their vital files as a result of formatting external hard drive, data recovery software is the finest solution. With this tool it is extremely easy to perform hard drive data recovery.

How you can overcome such situations?

Are you looking to recover data from your external hard drive? Then directly choose demo version of file recovery software. This software can recover your lost data from external hard drive within short while. It really is easy to use as it is designed with the simple user interface.

It works comfortably with all versions of Windows OS like Windows 7, Vista, XP, Server 2003 and 2008 OS, plus it supports file recovery on Seagate, Toshiba, SanDisk, Transcend, and Iomega as well as on various brands of hard drive.

Is there is any way to attenuate this data loss problem?

Yes, through some safety measures you can avoid data loss scenarios like create a backup and upgrade it regularly, use trustworthy source of power supply to avoid sudden system switch off, don’t remove drive forcefully, never avoid warning message, don’t store few file in formatted drive if you desires to recover data from this, don’t forget to install antivirus program in your system. These precautions will shield you from so many data loss scenarios.


Most Prominent Method To Recover Deleted File On Android Phone

Android phones are much popular nowadays, and most of the users like to switch their life to these gadgets because they are simple and you can capture photos, browse the web, and play videos by using simple touch screen method. However, you may lose or delete your photos, videos and other media files stored in the phone unknowingly or accidentally. But recovering this data is much crucial. Just going through the situation, where you heard that today is your manager’s birthday, from one of your colleague, and thought of arranging the party and scheduled a party today at 6:00 pm. In the party, none of your colleagues was having a camera or good quality phone to capture those moments. But you are the only person having the Android phone to capture the photo and you captured all the photos of those precious moments.

Now, you thought of to share these moments to your colleagues on the next day. But the strange thing has happened, when you connected the memory card of android phone to the system for doing some additional effects of the captured photos, memory card was not recognized by your system and asked to format. Without taking the backup, you formatted the memory card, and all your photos were deleted. This is the worst condition you would have faced, where you would have said to the colleagues, that by tomorrow I can share these photos. Now your worries started and thought of “How to recover lost photos?” Please be calm and relaxed. To recover deleted files on Android phone, Android recovery software plays a very important role, where you can retrieve your lost photos within few minutes and your worries may come to an end. But, do not use your phone until the data is recovered because this may result in permanent data loss due to overwrite process.

Here are the few scenarios where you might face media files loss from Android phone:

  • Human error: Accidentally, you would have deleted important photos or videos while deleting the unwanted files to free the space on your memory card or you would have connected the memory card of your phone to the system and deleted essential file using hard deletion method. Other reason is that you would have clicked accidentally on restore or reset option in the phone where all you photos got deleted.
  • Ejecting the memory card: While transferring photos or other media files to the system, due to system malfunctioning or other reason, you would have ejected the memory card and tried again to connect the memory card to your pc, but found that all your photos were deleted and lost from the memory card.
  • Antivirus Software:  You would have connected your memory card to the system; antivirus software may scan your memory card for virus check before opening your storage device. This may eliminate the virus but sometime may delete essential data in memory card.

In addition to the above factors, there are other critical circumstances where you may have deleted your media files accidentally. So in order to retrieve your favorite media files from Android phone, you would need to have data recovery tool. In such cases, Android Recovery Software can be used to recover these media files, which you can recover within few minutes in safe and healthier condition.


Android phone recovery software retrieves and restores your media files which are accidentally or unintentionally deleted. It has ability to identify and recover all the images, music’s, videos of different file formats and these recovered files can be sorted on the basis of file type, name, and size. It has additional feature where recovered files can be saved in “Save recovery session”, so that you don’t need to rescan the memory card again.

Steps to recover deleted files on Android phone

Step 1: After installing the Android phone recovery software in the system. Please connect your android phone to the system. If your android phone was not recognized by your system, then you can remove the memory card of your android phone. And now you can connect it to the system through card reader.

Step 2:  Launch the Android recovery software and choose the option “Recover Deleted files”.

Step 3: Now select the drive where your memory card or phone is connected. And click on “Next” option for scanning process.

Step 4: Now you can preview you deleted files and can save using save recovery option.


  • Please don’t use you memory card, if it is corrupted.
  • Please take the backup of your memory card of android phone, if you’re connecting to the other storage device.
  • Please check once, before deleting your unwanted files in the android phone and also don’t use shortcut key to delete your files when connected to your PC.

Simple method to recover data from Mac Hard drive

Have you lost your data while repartitioning or partitioning hard drive? Or have you lost your data while formatting Mac Hard drive? Then it might be the worst condition you would have faced. Since you would have kept your business documents, media files, personal valuable information, contacts, etc in the respective volumes and have been accessing them on daily basis. But in one fine day, your volume size of the existed partitioned drive got decreased and thought of increasing the free space, and tried to resize the volume. But your existed partitioned volume got deleted and resulted the data lose. Other reason is that, when you tried to access the partitioned volume. It is inaccessible due to corruption, and also there is no option to take the backup. Finally, thought of formatting the partitioned volume. But after formatting, all your data’s got lost.

Since losing data is like losing all your works, which you would have done for so many days right from the past years, and recovering data is like getting new life for the data that is lost or corrupted. Your worries may be started that “is there any possibility to recover and restore data from hard drive?”  Then doesn’t worry; your data is available, somewhere in the hard drive and needs to be recovered using recovery tool. Please avoid overwriting any data in the lost and deleted volume. Since, this may result in permanent data loss, so please wait until the data is recovered from volume.

In order to recover data from Mac hard drive, Mac hard drive recovery software is used. This tool helps to retrieve and restore the data in safe and healthier condition.

Here are the few conditions where data may be lost or deleted from the Mac hard drive.

  • Human error: While deleting the unwanted file, you would have accidentally deleted the essential file using “shift + command + delete” keys or emptied the Trash folder using “Empty Trash” option and  later realized that your important file is lost, then tried to check  the Time Machine backups to restore the files but failed to get back the files.
  • Volume Header corruption: Since Mac operating system has Disk utility to fix most of the errors. However, if you try to fix a damaged partitioned volume using Disk utility, sometimes you will be getting a message such as Volume header needs to be repaired. Because of volume header corruption, the operating system could not able to recognize the volume. Finally, your partitioned volume may become inaccessible.
  • File system Corruption: Mac Volume files may be corrupted while converting the file system from HFS+ to HFSX; it may result in severe corruption in the volume and may become unreadable.
  • Partitioning the Hard drive: To increase the size of existing partitioned volume. You may re-partition the hard drive. This existing partitioned volume may be lost, resulting in data loss.
  • Formatting the Hard drive:  Since there is no possibility of taking the backup of corrupted volume. Then if you format the corrupted volume, which in turn results the data to be lost. Other reason is that, instead of formatting the actual volume. You may wrongly format the other volume.
  • Power failure:  Due to abrupt shut down, while read or write event takes place in the hard drive, may cause OS malfunction and file system gets corrupted, making partitioned hard drive not accessible.
  • Bad sectors: Bad sectors may be caused due to improper shut down, instant power failure, hard drive scratching, etc. Due to bad sectors, data may be lost partially or completely.

In addition to the above mentioned factors, there are other disastrous circumstances where your data is accidentally deleted, lost and corrupted. To recover the data from these conditions, then you need to have powerful recovery software for retrieving and restoring the data to respective volume. So, Mac Hard drive recovery tool plays an important role for recovering the data.


Mac hard drive recovery tool has powerful advanced algorithm for recovering and restoring the data from missing or deleted volumes. It has ability to identify and retrieve various files types based on unique signatures and these recovered files can be sorted on the basis of name, size, creation date and File type. This Tool also retrieves the data that are emptied in Trash folder. It supports recovery of files from FAT 16, FAT32, HFS+ and HFSX partitioned volumes. It has an option to add or edit new signatures for files which are not listed and also has “Find Tool” option to find files in recovered list. Tool supports Mac OS X 10.x and above versions.

Steps to recover data using Mac hard drive recovery software

Steps are simple and you can get the lost data within few minutes. Since it user friendly and here are the few steps.

Step 1: Please launch the software in the healthy volume. There are three options” Recover photos” “Recover files” and “Recover Volumes/Drives” and select either of the option to recover the data as per your requirement.

Step 2: Now choose the option “Volume Recovery” or “Formatted/Reformatted recovery” in which you would have lost or deleted the data.

Step 3: Now select the volume and click on “Next” button for scanning.

Step 4: Preview the recovered data using file type or data type and save the scanned information using “Save recovery” option.


  • Always take backups of files in external hard drive, so that if there is any loss or corruption you can restore the files using backups.
  • Please do not shut down the system improperly during read or write process in the hard drive.
  • Please check once before formatting your actual volume, so that you will not format the wrong volume.

Easiest way to recover USB drive data

We are living in the digital world, USB drive is probably the most commonly used storage device, used for storing personal data. It store information in digital form. In the present scenario usage of removable drive increase with increase inside the popularity of electronic device for example digital cameras, Mobile phones, Laptop, Computers, MP3 players and video game, iPod and several more. So many types of flash drive are available in market among which USB drive gains high popularity. They are comes with various capacities, It is extremely portable you can easily carry it anywhere.

What happen if your own personal USB drive gets corrupted? And you lose your entire crucial data from it. I understand it is such an awful situation, but is what really happens. Are you suffering from any such situation? Then don’t get upset we are having an appropriate solution for this common data loss problem i.e. my file recovery tool. With my file recovery tool you are able to recover data from USB drive within few simple steps. It recovers data with its original jest. External USB drive file recovery became very easy with all the emergence of this tool.

Some most common scenarios are defined below which leads towards the data loss in USB drive or form iPod

  • Accidentally formatting of USB drive will deletes entire data from it
  • Abruptly drawing of USB drive can also be a reason behind data loss from USB drive
  • Connecting USB drive / iPod with already infected system may delete a number of your files from it.
  • Sometime accidentally we click on delete button and delete our crucial file also cause data loss.
  • Random transfer of multiple files from USB drive to other storage device adds one more point in data loss scenario.
  • Storing corrupted file on USB or iPod can be reason behind data loss.

Furthermore with this particular you will find some more scenarios which may cause data loss like

  • Sudden system shut down during file transfer
  • File system get damage because of virus attack
  • Improper ejection of device
  • Regular formatting of USB drive
  • Storing file in by using cut and paste command.

To overcome from all such data loss situation, use my file recovery software. With the introduction this USB drive recovery became very simple. This is also referred to as iPod file recovery software; it can easily recover your lost or deleted music files. It is having facility to preview recovered files and folder. This tool can even recover highly compressed zip file or password protected file from USB drive.

Software also contains a feature to preview recovered or save recovery session. From preview option it is possible to use a preview of the file which you want to recover, it can help you in recovering right file. Save recovery session which helps to prevent rescanning of the removable drive. If wish to use this tool the try now demo version. Upon successful installation you are able to view and evaluate the results. In the event the connection between the demo version are satisfactory then purchase its full version to save all your recovered files..